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Researching the area before committing to a rental property is one of the most important steps for first-time renters. Taking the time to explore the neighborhood and surroundings can prevent major headaches or disappointments down the road.
When researching an area, look at factors like safety, noise levels, proximity to public transportation, amenities, parking, and general "walkability." Try to get a feel for the vibe and demographic of the area. Drive or walk around at different times of day and night. Talk to current residents and ask questions. Look up online reviews and local social media groups to get unfiltered opinions from people living there.
Safety should be a top priority. Look at crime statistics and reports. Avoid areas with high violent crime rates. Try knocking on neighbors' doors to get a sense of the community. Look for active neighborhood watch programs. Proximity to police and fire stations is also ideal.
Also research noise levels, especially for apartments. Find out if the unit faces busy roads or train tracks. See if there are bars, nightclubs, or other venues nearby that could be noisy at night. Look up airport flight paths. Ask the landlord or property manager about potential noise issues.
If you'll rely on public transportation, research commute times and options nearby. See if the stops are conveniently located. Try test commutes at rush hour. Factor transportation costs into your overall budget.
Look into the amenities offered. Does the property have a pool, gym, laundry room, covered parking, storage, etc? Are utilities included? What's around the area? Research nearby grocery stores, restaurants, parks, entertainment.
When touring the unit, take detailed photos and notes to document the condition at move-in. Look for maintenance issues, damage, stains, etc. so you aren't held liable later. Ask about repairs and when things like carpet were last replaced.
When renting your first home, setting a realistic budget is absolutely crucial. Failing to properly budget can leave you unable to cover rent, utilities, and other expenses, potentially leading to eviction or damaged credit. Here are some key tips for first-time renters on creating a budget you can actually afford:
Know Your Must-Haves vs. Nice-to-Haves
Make a list of features you require in a rental, like location, size, amenities, etc. Separate these "must-haves" from "nice-to-haves" that you could live without if needed. Focus your search only on must-haves to avoid going over-budget on unnecessary perks.
Calculate Total Housing Costs
Rent is just one piece of your total housing costs. Be sure to factor in utilities, parking fees, pet rent, renters insurance, security deposits, moving costs, furnishings, and more. Get estimates on all these expenses in advance so you know the true total cost.
Leave Room for Variable Expenses
Many new renters underestimate variable monthly costs like groceries, gas, entertainment, clothing, and more. Track your current variable spending, then increase estimates to account for potential lifestyle inflation in a new home.
Pad Estimates by 10-20%
It"s easy to slightly underestimate costs when creating a theoretical budget. Add an extra 10-20% padding to estimates for unexpected expenses. This cushion will prepare you for surprise costs and changes in job/income.
Account for Income Fluctuations
Consider your income stability when setting a budget. Hourly workers and those with irregular commissions/bonuses should base budgets on their lowest potential income months. This prevents shortfalls if income temporarily drops.
Have a Moving/Reserve Fund
Moving, buying furnishings, and pre-paying rent/deposits can strain budgets upfront. Have a separate moving fund with 2-3 months" rent saved to handle these early costs without breaking your monthly budget. Also have a reserve fund with another 2-3 months' of living costs for emergencies.
Re-Evaluate as Needed
Life changes like pay increases/decreases, family additions, new expenses, etc. can impact budgets over time. Review your budget every 6 months and adjust as needed to reflect your current financial situation, especially in early rental years.
Follow a Plan
Once you create a realistic budget, actually stick to it going forward. Use budgeting tools to track spending, and cut back if needed in variable categories to align with your plan. Living within your budget is critical for rental success.
When renting a home, the lease agreement is one of the most critical documents to thoroughly review. First-time renters often breeze through leases,Missing or misunderstanding key clauses in your rental lease can lead to legal problems, conflicts with landlords, and unexpected costs down the line. Taking the time to fully understand your rights and obligations under the lease protects renters from issues that many learn the hard way.
Perhaps the most common lease-related mistake is not reading the fine print about fees and deposits. Many new renters do not notice clauses that allow landlords to charge cleaning fees, early termination fees, parking fees, late fees, pet deposits, key replacement fees, maintenance call-out fees, and more. Skimming over these can result in renters unknowingly owing hundreds in surprise charges at move out. For example, Elaine P. found herself on the hook for a $500 deep cleaning fee because her lease said the carpets must be professionally cleaned when she moved out. Others like James D. get hit with $50 fees every time a maintenance request is made, which they didn't expect based on verbal discussions with the landlord. Carefully reading each fee clause would have prevented such costly surprises.
The fine print may also contain "gotchas" around subletting, lease breaking, guests, pets, maintenance, and more. You might discover that your landlord prohibits subletting, requires 3-months notice for early lease termination, or places strict limits on long-term guests. Other renters get caught off guard by clauses making tenants cover all repair costs or requiring professional steam cleaning of carpets annually. Read every maintenance, guest, pet, house rules, and early termination clause to ensure full alignment. Have an attorney review the lease if you find confusing legal jargon.
In addition to avoiding surprises, understanding your lease rights is key. You may be unaware the law grants certain rights that aren't mentioned in the generic lease, like requiring habitability, proper security deposits, antidiscrimination protection, and more. Educate yourself on renters' rights so you can identify areas your agreement is non-compliant. For example, long-term tenant Carlo G. discovered that mandatory rental insurance violated local laws after researching renters' rights in detail post-signing.
Far too often, first-time renters neglect to thoroughly document the condition of their rental unit at move-in. They may do a quick walkthrough, but fail to take detailed photos and notes of any existing damage, stains, or maintenance issues. This opens them up to liability for pre-existing problems when they move out, as the landlord can claim the damage occurred during the tenant's stay. Without photographic evidence, many renters end up losing their security deposit or paying expensive repair bills for damage they did not actually cause.
For example, Sam W. shared that he lost his entire $1000 deposit because of supposed carpet stains and wall damage that existed when he moved in. But since he did not take move-in photos, he had no proof the issues were pre-existing. His landlord was able to withhold the deposit for repairs, despite Sam's protests.
On the other hand, careful move-in documentation can protect renters from unfair charges. Maria G. says she avoided paying $800 for alleged pet stains because her move-in photos clearly showed staining in the carpets prior to bringing her dog into the unit. Having dated documentation prevented the landlord from claiming she caused the damage.
- Take photos of every room from multiple angles, getting wide shots and close-ups of any flaws
- Note smells like pet odors or smoking that could be blamed on you later
- Check walls, trim, floors, appliances, cabinets, counters for scuffs, scratches, stains, damage
- Turn on all fixtures to check functionality; note any dripping, leaking, clogs
- Thoroughly test windows, doors, locks to confirm proper operation
- Look inside cabinets, closets, behind furniture for hidden issues
- Document everything in writing with detailed descriptions of damage and room locations
- Have a neutral witness like a friend take a second set of photos/notes
- Use date-stamps and geotags to confirm images were taken at move-in
Purchasing a renter"s insurance policy is a critical step for first-time renters that many initially overlook. However, having this relatively inexpensive insurance can end up saving you thousands in the event of theft, damage, or liability claims. Too often, new renters learn this lesson the hard way after losing their possessions and being on the hook for costly damages due to lack of coverage.
Renter"s insurance provides affordable protection by covering your personal belongings against perils like theft, fire, wind, water damage, and vandalism. Policies typically cover possessions up to $15,000-$30,000, with options to increase limits if needed. Without coverage, you would have to replace stolen or damaged items entirely out of pocket. For example, when a pipe burst in her rental and destroyed most of her furniture, Heather N. ended up paying over $5,000 to replace her uninsured belongings. A basic renter's policy would have covered these replacement costs for around $15 a month.
In addition, renter"s insurance covers liability claims in your rental. If someone is injured on your property, the landlord's insurance will not pay their claim - it falls on you. Without your own policy, you could be sued directly by the injured party for medical bills, lost wages, and pain and suffering. Even a minor claim could exceed $10,000. Liability coverage on a renter's policy protects your assets in these situations. For instance, Jim K. narrowly avoided garnished wages when his friend slipped on a wet floor in Jim"s unit. But because Jim had liability coverage, his insurer covered the $8,000 settlement rather than Jim paying out of pocket.
Lastly, most landlords require proof of renter"s insurance these days to transfer liability risk. Not obtaining a policy could violate your lease terms and even lead to eviction in some cases. Landlords may also charge extra fees if you don"t secure your own coverage. Before moving in, read your lease to confirm if insurance is mandatory.
Clearly understanding maintenance responsibilities and procedures outlined in the lease can help tenants avoid frustrating conflicts, unexpected costs, and safety issues in their rental. Many first-time renters learn the hard way just how problematic unclear maintenance clauses can be for all parties involved.
The lease agreement should specify which maintenance and repair tasks are the tenant's duty versus the landlord's duty. For example, the landlord may cover structural and appliance issues, while routine tasks like changing lightbulbs and unclogging drains fall to the tenant. Without reading this closely, some renters incorrectly assume the landlord handles nearly all repairs. Robert A. confessed to being "stunned" when his landlord refused to unclog Robert's persistently slow kitchen drain. The lease stated drain maintenance was the tenant's job, but Robert never noticed this clause when signing.
Even if the landlord handles repairs, the process for requesting these is key. Many leases require maintenance requests to be submitted in writing according to specific procedures. But some tenants make the mistake of simply calling the landlord directly to report issues. When problems inevitably go unresolved using this incorrect method, tenants can become quickly frustrated with the lack of response. The solution is simply for tenants to understand and adhere to the prescribed process for making repair requests per the lease terms.
In addition, tenants should clarify the lease terms for unauthorized repairs. Some agreements prohibit tenants from making any repairs independently, while others allow tenants to hire professionals for issues exceeding a cost threshold and then deduct the cost from rent. Tenants like Alan L. have found themselves in hot water by making repairs without fully understanding these clauses. Alan hired an electrician to rewire his faulty kitchen outlets, assuming it was acceptable. In actuality, his lease required all electrical work to be done by the landlord's contractors. Alan's unauthorized repair resulted in a lease violation notice.
While the landlord-tenant relationship is inherently a business transaction, making efforts to build rapport and goodwill with your landlord can significantly improve your rental experience. Especially for first-time renters, having a communicative, understanding landlord provides immense peace of mind. On the other hand, getting off on the wrong foot can lead to persistent conflict and potentially even eviction down the road. That's why smart renters make relationship-building with their landlord a priority from day one.
The foundation of building a good rapport is clear, prompt communication and following lease rules. Respond to your landlord's messages and queries in a timely manner to show you are an engaged, responsible tenant. Make timely rent payments and properly fulfill all lease obligations. Avoid generating excessive complaints and maintenance requests when possible. Stick to standard lease rules about guests, noise, pets, parking, etc. Essentially, be a tenant your landlord never has to worry or chase down about problems. This makes you a dream renter in their eyes.
Showing care and respect for the property is another way to get on your landlord's good side. Keep your unit clean and well-maintained"no hoarding or damage. Properly look after any outdoor spaces included with your rental, keeping lawns mowed and areas tidy. Avoid bold renovations and only hang pictures/decor using approved methods. You want your landlord feeling you treat the place like your own home.
Bringing small gifts of appreciation around the holidays or sending a thank you note once in a while can also build immense goodwill. Lindsey F. baked her landlord cookies for Christmas and was touched to receive a thoughtful card in return. When she later needed to break her lease 2 months early, the positive rapport she had built made her landlord willing to compromise without penalty. He knew Lindsey was a kind person facing difficult circumstances, not just another tenant breaking rules.
In the event conflict does arise down the road, having an open line of communication and reservoir of goodwill makes resolution far easier. Your landlord will give you benefit of the doubt if they see you as reasonable and responsible overall. Ryan P. was late on rent one month because his work hours were suddenly cut. But because he had built trust with his landlord by always communicating clearly about any issues in the past, she agreed to a reasonable payment plan without drama.
Being a respectful, considerate neighbor is an important aspect of rental success that first-timers often overlook. However, your behaviors and habits inside your unit can significantly impact surrounding tenants. Failing to be conscientious about noise levels, shared spaces, pets, and other behaviors that affect neighbors can quickly sour these relationships and even generate lease violations.
Excessive noise is one of the fastest ways to upset your neighbors in a rental property. Playing loud music, having raucous gatherings, leaving dogs unattended to bark, using noisy appliances like vacuums late at night, exercising early in the morning"these types of disruptions frustrate neighbors trying to enjoy peace and quiet. For instance, party animal Mark R. routinely kept his neighbors up until 2 AM on weekends blasting music. Despite complaints to the landlord, he felt he was doing nothing wrong in his own unit. However, Mark's inconsiderate noise eventually led to his eviction.
In shared outdoor spaces like yards, driveways, hallways, and laundry rooms, be mindful not to block others' access. Don't let your items spread out of your designated areas. Hold the door or let someone with bags pass first in tight hallways. Avoid taking up too many machines at once in a shared laundry room. Pick up any pet waste immediately when walking dogs on shared grounds. Overall, be respectful of shared common areas.
When living in dense housing, also be conscientious of pet behaviors that could annoy neighbors. Dogs that bark incessantly when left alone all day will drive surrounding tenants mad. Letting cats roam and do their business in others' yards will quickly generate complaints. Pet odors that seep through walls or under doors can also be offensive. Take steps like professional training, supervision, waste cleanup and deodorizing to ensure your pets don't become a nuisance.
In addition to noise and pets, quickly addressing any disruptive maintenance issues on your end demonstrates respect for your neighbors. Dripping faucets that constantly wake others at night or faulty smoke detectors that beep incessantly should be reported immediately. The longer an irritating problem persists, the more frustrated those around you become.